Galvanized…I Beams…Loop Holes…Gussets…R-13…



Bottom Plate – the bottom horizontal member of a wall or building to which vertical members are attached.

Top Plate (double or single) – The member or members on top of a stud wall which support the roof rafters.

Base Studs – Studs placed on a regular interval making up the main structure of the wall.

Cripple – A less than full height wall stud.

Header – Horizontal members at the top of a wall opening that transfer and distribute the weight above the opening down around the opening.

King Stud – stud to left or right of a window or door that is continuous from the bottom plate to the top plate.

Trimmer – Installed parallel to king studs to support opening headers.

Sill – A horizontal member forming a foundation.

Rafters – One of several framing members extending frome eave to peek making up the roof

Rough Opening – An opening in a wall or framework into which a door frame or window frame, is fitted.





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About Macy Miller

Macy Miller is a Rocky Mountain native and the creator of As a LEED accredited architectural designer she is a passionate promoter of good design, healthy living, and the tiny lifestyle. In 2011 she started construction on her 196 s.f. tiny house where she has been living with her partner, James, daughter, Hazel, and dog, Denver since June 2013. She and her home have been featured on Yahoo News, Time Magazine, Dwell Magazine, NPR, HGTV’s Extreme Homes and many others!

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